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  • Writer's pictureFika Mental Health

What is DBT Therapy?

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, or DBT, is a type of therapy that was originally developed to treat individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, it has since been found to be effective in treating a wide range of mental health disorders, including depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders.


DBT is a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that emphasizes the importance of balance and acceptance in emotional regulation. The therapy is based on the idea that individuals with BPD have difficulty regulating their emotions and have a tendency to react impulsively to situations. DBT helps individuals learn how to manage their emotions and respond more effectively to challenging situations.


DBT consists of four main components:


1. Individual Therapy: This involves one-on-one sessions between the therapist and the patient. The therapist helps the patient identify their specific triggers and teaches them new skills for managing their emotions.


2. Group Skills Training: This involves group sessions where patients learn specific skills for regulating their emotions, such as mindfulness, distress tolerance, and interpersonal effectiveness.


3. Phone Coaching: This involves the therapist being available to patients outside of scheduled sessions to help them manage their emotions in real-time situations.


4. Consultation with the Therapist: This involves the therapist meeting with other mental health professionals who are treating the same patients to ensure that the treatment approach is consistent and effective.


DBT has been found to be effective in reducing symptoms of depression, anxiety, and suicidal behavior in individuals with BPD. It has also been found to be effective in treating other mental health disorders, such as substance use disorders and eating disorders.


DBT is a highly structured and intensive form of therapy, but it is also flexible and can be tailored to the individual needs of each patient. It is a collaborative approach that emphasizes the importance of the therapeutic relationship between the patient and the therapist.


Overall, DBT is a highly effective form of therapy that can help individuals with a wide range of mental health disorders. It teaches individuals how to manage their emotions and respond more effectively to challenging situations, which can ultimately lead to a happier and more fulfilling life.


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